The Ebola Vaccine
In the year of 2014, the Ebola outbreak spread throughout Africa and different parts of the world scaring many American’s that the disease might spread in the United States.
Thomas Duncan was living Liberia and flew to the United States to visit his family in Dallas, Texas. While he was visiting his family, he started feeling Ebola symptoms, and he checked himself into the Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital in Dallas. He later died, from the disease on October 8, 2014, according to wikipedia.org. The death of Thomas Duncan created a mass of panic among the public across America. Most American’s were asking for a travel ban during this period of the latest outbreak.
A travel ban was not ordered by the president because the American health care system was much better than the African countries and a travel ban would increase the disease by destroying the economies of those African countries affected. Four American’s were infected by this disease, but did not die and survived. While Americans are not used to this disease, many African nations are familiar with it.
The original origin of this illness was located in the Democratic Republic of the Congo by the Ebola River in 1976. Seven African nations have been dealing with this disease for decades. Sudan, Zaire, Gabon, Uganda, Republic of Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Sierra Leone are some countries that been dealing with this deadly disease until the major outbreak of 2014. This made people around the world get their first glimpse of this deadly disease in their homeland.
The symptoms of this illness can be deadly and cause mass of pain to an infected person. The symptom’s from this illness is blood in your breast milk, semen, urine, vomit, and saliva is a sign that an individual has this disease. A person might get this disease from a person who has come into contact by touching their bodily fluids. During the 2014-2015 outbreaks, the disease managed to kill 11,310 people according to the CDC.com. They believe there is now hope that this deadly disease might no longer exist in the world.
There is hope that new Ebola vaccine research might have found a new vaccine that shows 100 percent effectiveness at fighting this deadly disease. This vaccine is called rVSV-ZEBOV made in Canada. The World Health Organization or (WHO) vaccinated 6000 people in a trial finding that these individuals became resisted to the disease. The study did find that three people came down with Ebola vaccine side effects. This is a promising sign that the Ebola vaccine trials only found that it might give small side effects to a couple of individuals.
The study did suggest that further Ebola vaccine trials are needed to figure what it does to children under six years old and pregnant women. In the trial, the vaccine did not include these groups, which could become a concern in the future if there is another outbreak. Marie-Paule Kieny who is the assistant director-general of the World Health Organization calculated that the vaccine might be 100 percent effective during an epidemic.
The team which Marie runs believes that the new vaccine might be 80 percent efficient fighting Ebola according to aljazeera.com. The pharmaceutical company called Merck will continue with trials in the year of 2017 and will seek approval for its vaccine. The company hopes by 2018 the vaccine will be fully ready. If this vaccine becomes successful in the eradication of this virus, it will become a major medical success in the 21st century.
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